Differential Reinforcement of Alternative behaviors (DRA)

This procedure is used to decrease problem behavior by reinforcing appropriate alternative behaviors and withholding reinforcement for any instance of the problem behavior. It is important to pick an appropriate alternative behavior whose function matches the problem behavior. For example if a child is tantruming to get out of a work assignment, the function would most likely be escape. We would want to teach them an appropriate behavior that will still allow them to escape the demand such as handing you a break card or simply saying I want a break.”